In New Zealand, a royal commission is a formal government inquiry into a specific issue.

The Royal Commission of Inquiry into Historical Abuse in State Care and in the Care of Faith-based Institutions was formally established on 1 February 2018. The commission was established to "consider the experiences of children, young persons, and vulnerable adults who were in care between I January 1950 and 31 December 1999 inclusive".

The Department of Internal Affairs is responsible for administering the inquiry.